One of the most common learning disabilities is dyslexia. Dyslexic is a word that refers to the symptoms of dyslexia. A person with this learning disability may call themselves dyslexic. This learning impairment causes difficulties with reading comprehension and writing skills. It is more likely to occur in the same family. People diagnosed with this condition are of normal intelligence. Hearing and vision deficiencies are not the cause of this learning disability. Reading speed can be slower for a dyslexic individual. Many people with this condition have problems learning how to spell words. Children are usually diagnosed with this condition during the first few years of school. There are people who are not diagnosed until they are teenagers or adults. People in the past did not understand this learning disability. Many students felt intense shame because they could not learn to read or write.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Parents may observe symptoms of this condition in their children. Babies and toddlers may be delayed in learning to talk. Short attention spans in children are another indication of dyslexia. Teachers may notice that students reverse letters or numbers while writing. Students may have difficulty memorizing words. Dyslexic people also have difficulties learning phonetic sounds. This makes learning to read a challenge for a dyslexic child or adult. People with this condition are often unable to recognize rhyming words. They may change words and syllables while reading. Researchers are attempting to understand the causes of dyslexia. They are studying genetics and fetal development to determine why people have dyslexia. Occasionally, people who have strokes, brain tumors or head injuries develop dyslexia. Brain scans have revealed that certain parts of the brain are damaged after these conditions occur.
Helping Dyslexic Individuals
Specialists can test individuals to determine if they have dyslexia. The tests usually reveal the specific learning disabilities present in the subject. Knowing the specific learning disability is important. Each person with dyslexia is unique. A teacher can develop special techniques to teach a dyslexic student. A student diagnosed with a learning disability will receive specialized lessons, materials and instructions. They may participate in tutoring sessions designed for learning disabled students. Some students can learn to read better if they are using reading material that has special fonts. Fonts are the typeface used to print words on reading materials. Some students have difficulties with particular letters. Extra tutoring in reading these letters can assist in learning to read. A student might also listen to audio learning materials. Many dyslexic people learn new ways to read, comprehend and memorize words. Dyslexic individuals have become authors, actors, musicians and other careers. Being dyslexic does not prevent a person from achieving a rewarding